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The Checklist of the Birds of Latvia


Gaviiformes

    Loons

    1. Red-throated Loon (Gavia stellata)
    2. Arctic Loon (Gavia arctica)
    3. Common Loon (Gavia immer)
    4. Yellow-billed Loon (Gavia adamsii)

Podicipediformes

    Grebes

    5. Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis)
    6. Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps grisegena)
    7. Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus)
    8. Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis)
    9. Slavonian Grebe (Podiceps auritus)

Procellariiformes

Pelecaniformes

    Pelicans

    12. Great White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus)
    13. Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecanus crispus)

    Gannets

    14. Northern Gannet (Morus bassanus)

    Cormorants

    15. Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmaeus)
    16. Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo)

Ciconiiformes

    Herons and Egrets

    17. Great Bittern (Botaurus stellaris)
    18. Little Bittern (Ixobrychus minutus)
    19. Black-сrowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)
    20. Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)
    21. Little Egret (Egretta garzetta)
    22. Great Egret (Casmerodius albus)
    23. Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea)
    24. Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea)

    Storks

    25. Black Stork (Ciconia nigra)
    26. White Stork (Ciconia ciconia)

    Ibises

    27. Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus)
    28. Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia)

Phoenicopteriformes

    Flamingos

    29. Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus)

Anseriformes

    Waterfowl

    30. Mute Swan (Cygnus olor)
    31. Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus)
    32. Bewick's Swan (Cygnus bewickii)
    33. Bean Goose (Anser fabalis)
    34. Pink-footed Goose (Anser brachyrhynchus)
    35. Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons)
    36. Lesser White-fronted Goose (Anser erythropus)
    37. Greylag Goose (Anser anser)
    38. Bar-headed Goose (Anser indicus)
    39. Snow Goose (Anser caerulescens)
    40. Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)
    41. Barnacle Goose (Branta leucopsis)
    42. Brent Goose (Branta bernicla)
    43. Red-breasted Goose (Branta ruficollis)
    44. Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea)
    45. Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna)
    46. Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata)
    47. Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope)
    48. Gadwall (Anas strepera)
    49. Common Teal (Anas crecca)
    50. Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)
    51. Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)
    52. Garganey (Anas querquedula)
    53. Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata)
    54. Red-crested Pochard (Netta rufina)
    55. Common Pochard (Aythya ferina)
    56. Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula)
    57. Greater Scaup (Aythya marila)
    58. Steller's Eider (Polysticta stelleri)
    59. Common Eider (Somateria mollissima)
    60. King Eider (Somateria spectabilis)
    61. Common Scoter (Melanitta nigra)
    62. Velvet Scoter (Melanitta fusca)
    63. Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis)
    64. Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula)
    65. Smew (Mergellus albellus)
    66. Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator)
    67. Goosander (Mergus merganser)
    68. White-headed Duck (Oxyura leucocephala)

Falconiformes

    Falcons

    69. Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)
    70. Red-footed Falcon (Falco vespertinus)
    71. Merlin (Falco columbarius)
    72. Eurasian Hobby (Falco subbuteo)
    73. Lanner Falcon (Falco biarmicus)
    74. Saker Falcon (Falco cherrug)
    75. Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus)
    76. Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)

    Ospreys

    77. Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)

    Eagles and Hawks

    78. European Honey Buzzard (Pernis apivorus)
    79. Red Kite (Milvus milvus)
    80. Black Kite (Milvus migrans)
    81. White-tailed Sea-Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla)
    82. Eurasian Griffon (Gyps fulvus)
    83. Cinereous Vulture (Aegypius monachus)
    84. Short-toed Snake-Eagle (Circaetus gallicus)
    85. Western Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus)
    86. Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus)
    87. Pallid Harrier (Circus macrourus)
    88. Montagu's Harrier (Circus pygargus)
    89. Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus)
    90. Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)
    91. Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo)
    92. Rough-legged Buzzard (Buteo lagopus)
    93. Lesser Spotted Eagle (Aquila pomarina)
    94. Greater Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga)
    95. Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis)
    96. Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca)
    97. Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)
    98. Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus)

Galliformes

    Grouses

    99. Hazel Grouse (Tetrastes bonasia)
    100. Western Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus)
    101. Black Grouse (Lyrurus tetrix)
    102. Willow Ptarmigan (Lagopus lagopus)

    Pheasants and Quails

    103. Grey Partridge (Perdix perdix)
    104. Common Quail (Coturnix coturnix)
    105. Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Gruiformes

    Cranes

    106. Common Crane (Grus grus)

    Rails

    107. Water Rail (Rallus aquaticus)
    108. Corncrake (Crex crex)
    109. Little Crake (Porzana parva)
    110. Baillon's Crake (Porzana pusilla)
    111. Spotted Crake (Porzana porzana)
    112. Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)
    113. Common Coot (Fulica atra)

    Bustards

    114. Great Bustard (Otis tarda)
    115. Macqueen's Bustard (Chlamydotis macqueenii)
    116. Little Bustard (Tetrax tetrax)

Charadriiformes

    Oystercatchers

    117. Eurasian Oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus)

    Stitls and Avocets

    118. Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus)
    119. Pied Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta)

    Plovers

    120. Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus)
    121. Eurasian Golden Plover (Pluvialis apricaria)
    122. Pacific Golden Plover (Pluvialis fulva)
    123. Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola)
    124. Common Ringed Plover (Charadrius hiaticula)
    125. Little Ringed Plover (Charadrius dubius)
    126. Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus)
    127. Greater Sand Plover (Charadrius leschenaultii)
    128. Eurasian Dotterel (Eudromias morinellus)

    Sandpipers and Snipes

    129. Eurasian Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola)
    130. Jack Snipe (Lymnocryptes minimus)
    131. Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago)
    132. Great Snipe (Gallinago media)
    133. Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa)
    134. Bar-tailed Godwit (Limosa lapponica)
    135. Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus)
    136. Slender-billed Curlew (Numenius tenuirostris)
    137. Eurasian Curlew (Numenius arquata)
    138. Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus)
    139. Common Redshank (Tringa totanus)
    140. Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis)
    141. Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia)
    142. Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus)
    143. Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola)
    144. Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos)
    145. Terek Sandpiper (Xenus cinereus)
    146. Red Phalarope (Phalaropus fulicarius)
    147. Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus)
    148. Wilson’s Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor)
    149. Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres)
    150. Little Stint (Calidris minuta)
    151. Temminck’s Stint (Calidris temminckii)
    152. Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea)
    153. Dunlin (Calidris alpina)
    154. Purple Sandpiper (Calidris maritima)
    155. Pectoral Sandpiper (Calidris melanotos)
    156. Red Knot (Calidris canutus)
    157. Sanderling (Calidris alba)
    158. Ruff male, Reeve female (Philomachus pugnax)
    159. Broad-billed Sandpiper (Limicola falcinellus)

    Pratincoles

    160. Collared Pratincole (Glareola pratincola)
    161. Black-winged Pratincole (Glareola nordmanni)

    Skuas

    162. Great Skua (Stercorarius skua)
    163. Pomarine Skua (Stercorarius pomarinus)
    164. Arctic Skua (Stercorarius parasiticus)
    165. Long-tailed Skua (Stercorarius longicaudus)

    Gulls and Terns

    166. Common Gull (Larus canus)
    167. Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus)
    168. Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus)
    169. Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus)
    170. Caspian Gull (Larus cachinnans)
    171. Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis)
    172. Herring Gull (Larus argentatus)
    173. Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides)
    174. Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus)
    175. Pallas's Gull (Larus ichthyaetus)
    176. Mediterranean Gull (Larus melanocephalus)
    177. Laughing Gull (Larus atricilla)
    178. Common Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibundus)
    179. Little Gull (Larus minutus)
    180. Sabine's Gull (Xema sabini)
    181. Ross's Gull (Rhodostethia rosea)
    182. Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla)
    183. Caspian Tern (Hydroprogne caspia)
    184. Sandwich Tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis)
    185. Common Tern (Sterna hirundo)
    186. Arctic Tern (Sterna paradisaea)
    187. Little Tern (Sterna albifrons)
    188. Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias hybrida)
    189. White-winged Tern (Chlidonias leucopterus)
    190. Black Tern (Chlidonias niger)

    Alcidae

    191. Little Auk (Alle alle)
    192. Razorbill (Alca torda)
    193. Common Guillemot (Uria aalge)
    194. Brunnich’s Guillemot (Uria lomvia)
    195. Black Guillemot (Cepphus grylle)

Pterocliformes

    Sandgrouses

    196. Pallas’s Sandgrouse (Syrrhaptes paradoxus)

Columbiformes

    Pigeons and Doves

    197. Rock Pigeon (Columba livia)
    198. Stock Pigeon (Columba oenas)
    199. Common Wood Pigeon (Columba palumbus)
    200. European Turtle Dove (Streptopelia turtur)
    201. Oriental Turtle Dove (Streptopelia orientalis)
    202. Eurasian Collared Dove (Streptopelia decaocto)

Cuculiformes

    Cuckoos

    203. Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus)

Strigiformes

    Barn Owls

    204. Barn Owl (Tyto alba)

    True Owls

    205. Eurasian Scops Owl (Otus scops)
    206. Snowy Owl (Nyctea scandiaca)
    207. Eurasian Eagle-Owl (Bubo bubo)
    208. Tawny Owl (Strix aluco)
    209. Ural Owl (Strix uralensis)
    210. Great Grey Owl (Strix nebulosa)
    211. Tengmalm’s Owl (Aegolius funereus)
    212. Little Owl (Athene noctua)
    213. Eurasian Pygmy Owl (Glaucidium passerinum)
    214. Northern Hawk Owl (Surnia ulula)
    215. Long-eared Owl (Asio otus)
    216. Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus)

Caprimulgiformes

    Nightjars

    217. Eurasian Nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus)

Apodiformes

    Swifts

    218. Common Swift (Apus apus)

Coraciiformes

    Rollers

    219. European Roller (Coracias garrulus)

    Kingfishers

    220. Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis)

    Bee-eaters

    221. European Bee-eater (Merops apiaster)

Upupiformes

    Hoopoes

    222. Common Hoopoe / Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops)

Piciformes

    Woodpeckers

    223. Eurasian Wryneck (Jynx torquilla)
    224. Lesser Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos minor)
    225. White-backed Woodpecker (Dendrocopos leucotos)
    226. Middle Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos medius)
    227. Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos major)
    228. Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker (Picoides tridactylus)
    229. Black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius)
    230. European Green Woodpecker (Picus viridis)
    231. Grey-headed Woodpecker (Picus canus)

Passeriformes

    Larks

    232. Horned Lark / Shore Lark (Eremophila alpestris)
    233. Crested Lark (Galerida cristata)
    234. Eurasian Skylark (Alauda arvensis)
    235. Wood Lark (Lullula arborea)

    Swallows

    236. Sand Martin (Riparia riparia)
    237. Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)
    238. Red-rumped Swallow (Cecropis daurica)
    239. Northern House Martin (Delichon urbicum)

    Pipits and Wagtails

    240. Richard's Pipit (Anthus richardi)
    241. Tawny Pipit (Anthus campestris)
    242. Meadow Pipit (Anthus pratensis)
    243. Tree Pipit (Anthus trivialis)
    244. Red-throated Pipit (Anthus cervinus)
    245. Water Pipit (Anthus spinoletta)
    246. Rock Pipit (Anthus petrosus)
    247. Western Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava)
    248. Black-headed Wagtail (Motacilla feldegg)
    249. Citrine Wagtail (Motacilla citreola)
    250. Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea)
    251. White Wagtail (Motacilla alba)

    Waxwings

    252. Bohemian Waxwing (Bombycilla garrulus)

    Dippers

    253. White-throated Dipper (Cinclus cinclus)

    Wrens

    254. Eurasian Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes)

    Accentors

    255. Dunnock / Hedge Sparrow (Prunella modularis)

    Thrushes

    256. Black-throated Thrush (Turdus atrogularis)
    257. Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris)
    258. Ring Ouzel (Turdus torquatus)
    259. Common Blackbird (Turdus merula)
    260. Redwing (Turdus iliacus)
    261. Song Thrush (Turdus philomelos)
    262. Mistle Thrush (Turdus viscivorus)
    263. White’s Thrush (Zoothera varia)
    264. Common Redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus)
    265. Black Redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros)
    266. European Robin (Erithacus rubecula)
    267. Common Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos)
    268. Thrush Nightingale (Luscinia luscinia)
    269. Bluethroat (Luscinia svecica)
    270. Northern Red-flanked Bluetail (Tarsiger cyanurus)
    271. Whinchat (Saxicola rubetra)
    272. European Stonechat (Saxicola rubicola)
    273. Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe)
    274. Pied Wheatear (Oenanthe pleschanka)
    275. Desert Wheatear (Oenanthe deserti)

    Flycatchers

    276. Spotted Flycatcher (Muscicapa striata)
    277. European Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca)
    278. Collared Flycatcher (Ficedula albicollis)
    279. Red-breasted Flycatcher (Ficedula parva)

    Warblers

    280. Savi’s Warbler (Locustella luscinioides)
    281. River Warbler (Locustella fluviatilis)
    282. Pallas's Grasshopper Warbler (Locustella certhiola)
    283. Common Grasshopper Warbler (Locustella naevia)
    284. Lanceolated Warbler (Locustella lanceolata)
    285. Aquatic Warbler (Acrocephalus paludicola)
    286. Sedge Warbler (Acrocephalus schoenobaenus)
    287. Paddyfield Warbler (Acrocephalus agricola)
    288. Blyth's Reed-warbler (Acrocephalus dumetorum)
    289. Marsh Warbler (Acrocephalus palustris)
    290. Eurasian Reed-warbler (Acrocephalus scirpaceus)
    291. Great Reed-warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus)
    292. Booted Warbler (Iduna caligata)
    293. Icterine Warbler (Hippolais icterina)
    294. Willow Warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus)
    295. Common Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus collybita)
    296. Wood Warbler (Phylloscopus sibilatrix)
    297. Arctic Warbler (Phylloscopus borealis)
    298. Greenish Warbler (Phylloscopus trochiloides)
    299. Yellow-browed Warbler (Phylloscopus inornatus)
    300. Hume’s Leaf-warbler (Phylloscopus humei)
    301. Pallas’s Leaf-warbler (Phylloscopus proregulus)
    302. Dusky Warbler (Phylloscopus fuscatus)
    303. Radde's Warbler (Phylloscopus schwarzi)
    304. Blackcap (Sylvia atricapilla)
    305. Garden Warbler (Sylvia borin)
    306. Barred Warbler (Sylvia nisoria)
    307. Common Whitethroat (Sylvia communis)
    308. Lesser Whitethroat (Sylvia curruca)
    309. Asian Desert Warbler (Sylvia nana)

    Goldcrests

    310. Goldcrest (Regulus regulus)
    311. Firecrest (Regulus ignicapilla)

    Bearded Tits

    312. Bearded Reedling (Panurus biarmicus)

    Long-tailed Tits

    313. Long-tailed Tit (Aegithalos caudatus)

    Penduline Tits

    314. Eurasian Penduline-tit (Remiz pendulinus)

    Titmices

    315. Marsh Tit (Parus palustris)
    316. Willow Tit (Parus montanus)
    317. Crested Tit (Parus cristatus)
    318. Coal Tit (Parus ater)
    319. Blue Tit (Parus caeruleus)
    320. Azure Tit (Parus cyanus)
    321. Great Tit (Parus major)

    Nuthatches

    322. Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta europaea)

    Treecreepers

    323. Eurasian Treecreeper (Certhia familiaris)
    324. Short-toed Treecreeper (Certhia brachydactyla)

    Shrikes

    325. Isabelline Shrike (Lanius isabellinus)
    326. Turkestan Shrike (Lanius phoenicuroides)
    327. Red-backed Shrike (Lanius collurio)
    328. Lesser Grey Shrike (Lanius minor)
    329. Great Grey Shrike (Lanius excubitor)

    Orioles

    330. Eurasian Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus)

    Crows and Jays

    331. Siberian Jay (Perisoreus infaustus)
    332. Eurasian Jay (Garrulus glandarius)
    333. Black-billed Magpie (Pica pica)
    334. Spotted Nutcracker (Nucifraga caryocatactes)
    335. Eurasian Jackdaw (Corvus monedula)
    336. Rook (Corvus frugilegus)
    337. Carrion Crow (Corvus corone)
    338. Hooded Crow (Corvus cornix)
    339. Common Raven (Corvus corax)

    Starlings

    340. Rosy Starling (Pastor roseus)
    341. Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)

    Sparrows

    342. House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)
    343. Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus)

    Finches

    344. Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs)
    345. Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla)
    346. European Serin (Serinus serinus)
    347. European Greenfinch (Chloris chloris)
    348. Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus)
    349. European Goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis)
    350. Linnet (Acanthis cannabina)
    351. Twite (Acanthis flavirostris)
    352. Common Redpoll (Acanthis flammea)
    353. Common Rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus)
    354. Parrot Crossbill (Loxia pytyopsittacus)
    355. Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra)
    356. White-winged Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera)
    357. Common Bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula)
    358. Hawfinch (Coccothraustes coccothraustes)

    Buntings

    359. Corn Bunting (Miliaria calandra)
    360. Yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella)
    361. Pine Bunting (Emberiza leucocephalos)
    362. Ortolan Bunting (Emberiza hortulana)
    363. Black-headed Bunting (Granativora melanocephala)
    364. Reed Bunting (Schoeniclus schoeniclus)
    365. Yellow-breasted Bunting (Ocyris aureolus)
    366. Little Bunting (Ocyris pusillus)
    367. Rustic Bunting (Ocyris rusticus)
    368. Lapland Longspur (Calcarius lapponicus)
    369. Snow Bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis)

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